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Broadcasting date: 19-4-2007
Title : Our 60’s – Part 1: A COUNTRY THAT WANTS TO LIVE
Subject : GREEK HISTORY

At the 1958 elections, just nine years after the end of the civil war, EDA, the previously defeated party, won 24% of the votes and became the primary opposition party, spreading panic among the army and the police. Manolis Glezos is elected as Member of Parliament, but gets soon arrested on the accusation of conducting espionage. A new wave of  indictments is launched.

 

One year later, Karolos Koun along with Manos Hatzidakis and Kostas Tsarouchis, present Aristophanes’ “Ornithes”.  Konstantinos Tsatsos bans the show, and therefore features for weeks in newspapers as a caricature of a chicken hunter.

 

The 60s start with Kennedy’s election and the first human expedition in space. The world is changing and Greece is following in its own steps.

 

Manos Xatzidakis will be honored with the Oscar Award for his music in the movie “Never on Sunday”; Cyprus is declared an independent state and Konstantinos Karamanlis signs the “Association Agreement” with the European Economic Community.

 

Greece is being reconstructed by the immigrant’s remittances, while the fame of Stelios Kazantzidis reaches its peak.

 

Grigoris Bithikotsis is also set to leave the country. Mikis Theodorakis persuades him to stay and together with Manolis Chiotis they record the “Epitaph”, opening a new era for Greek music.

 

The elections of 1961 are stigmatized by violence and juggle accusations, while two members of EDA are assassinated. Kostas Georgousopoulos, who was serving in the military at the time, was given a closed envelope. Later he found out that he had voted for an ERE candidate.

 

Georgios Papandreou declares the start of the “Unrelenting Fight”. Meanwhile, a new generation deprived of civil war memories is in the streets demonstrating and demanding more democracy and better education with the slogans ‘114’ and ‘15%’. Among the students that were arrested for writing the new slogans on the walls is Nikos Karamanlis. The left-wing newspapers will write about “the Good Karamanlis”.

 

In 1963 the Bertrand Russell Movement organizes the first marathon peace march that is immediately banned by the authorities. Hundreds of people are arrested, among them Dionysis Savvopoulos. The police find a notepad with lyrics on him and interrogate him in order to explain “the meaning of the codes”. The only one that manages to reach the Marathon Tomb is Grigoris Labrakis, a Member of Parliament, along with his wife Dimitra Batargia. A few days later, Lambrakis is murdered in Thessalonica. That same year, John F. Kennedy is also assassinated.

 

In June 1963, the prime minister disagrees with the palace. Former-king Konstantinos narrates the conversation between Karamanlis and king Pavlos, that led to the prime minister’s resignation and his retreat abroad.

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