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Broadcasting date: 8-11-2007
Title : HITLER'S GREECE – Part 2:Terror and Resistance at the Third Reich – Part 3:Bitter Freedom
Subject : GREEK HISTORY

2nd Part: “TERROR AND RESISTANCE AT 3rd REICH”

ET1 –  22.00

 

Two university students, Manolis Glezos and Lakis Santas go to the Benakeios Library in order to find and study all the Acropolis’s diagrams. When they will take down the German flag from the holy rock, they will let their fingerprints on the pole on purpose because they do not want the Greek guards to be accused.

 

From the first months of the occupation, resistance is organized at the villages of Macedonia under the leadership of the Macedonian Office of the Communist Party of Greece. The blast of the Factory of Electricity in Drama, on 28 of September, 1940 is the beginning of the resistance. 22 villages rise in insurrection, the guerrillas call for resolution and kill 35 Bulgarians and 12 of their cooperatives. It was the 1st riot in occupied Greece and the second in Europe. On 29th of September, the Bulgarians take revenge by killing more than 2000 people. The next day the National Liberation Front is funded.

 

During the winter of 1941, the hunger that exists in all the Greek cities becomes famine. Only in Athens and Piraeus more than 49000 people die due to starvation and avitaminosis.

 

The 15 years old, then, Labros Matopoulos and his friends, take action. They jump on German vehicles and steal food which then distribute to the poor people. They are the legendary “Drags men”.

  

Aggelos Papanastasiou is the first “war correspondent” of the Corruption. He had bought, before the war, a small video camera. He hid it in a small can and started shooting at the events taking place at the roads of Athens. With his video camera he shot images of the Hitler’s Greece, which are being presented for first time as a whole, at Reportage Without Frontiers.

 

On May of 1942, Aris Velouxiotis, with 13 men appears at Sperxiada. One month later, at Domnitsa of Euritania begins officially the armed fight. Vasilis Priovolos, known as “Ermis”, illustrates Ari’s personality and describes the life as guerilla.

 

At Epirus appears EDES of Napoleon Zervas. On November of 1943, Themis Marinos with a group of English parachutists fall in Greece in order to organize the blast of Gorgopotamo’s bridge. 50 men of Zervas’s group and 110 of Ari’s, take part in this mission.

 

It was a rare moments of national unity.

 

 

3rd Part: “THE BITTER FREEDOM”

ET1 - 23.45

  

The 16 years old, then, Titika Gkeldi has gone with her family at the mountain in order to escape from the chases by the German’s co-operatives. When she learns that ELAS makes a detachment for women, lies that she is adult, so as them to accept her.

 

The guerillas control a big part of Greece. In Athens much sabotage are being done and the occupation army leaves some neighborhoods.  In Kaisariani, the residents collect food for the guerillas of ELAS.

 

The German’s defeat is predestinated, but the national unity that existed during the first 2 years of occupation, does not exist anymore. The orientation of ELAS forward communism is something that upsets British, who support the second in population, group of resistance, EDES.

 

At the mountains the combats begin between EDES and ELAS and on April of 1944, ELAS executes Dimitris Psarros who had funded the third group of resistance, the Regiment 542.

  

The separation between the groups of resistance does not exist between the prisoners of Xaidari’s camp. Loukas Kokkinos, who was helping the Psarros’s group and was considered as ethnocentric, is leaded to the building at Merlin Street, where he is being tortured in order to betray communists. He will not betray anyone. “We had all decided there, that we will not get out alive, we will die. So, we should not betray.”

 

Loukas Kokkinos will be saved from execution at the range of Kaisariani, the last moment. He will be leaded in concentration camps in Germany, from where he will be liberated by the Red Army, on 1945.

 

The occupation and the resistance through a student’s diary. Maria Manolakou riffles through her past notes and speaks about the hunger, the children’s resistance, the new rich generation, the black marketers and the girls who were doing depilation with sugar.

 

In order to confront the communistic danger, the occupational government of Ioannis Rallis, funds on 1943 in Athens and in Peloponnisos the Security Battalions. In South Greece, appear many anti-communists groups that co-operate with the Germans. One of the toughest was the group of Colonel Poulos. Paulos Papadopoulos from Kria Vrisi, recruits at Poulos’s group because he is a “Christian orthodox”. “We were wearing a German outfit with a Greek flag”, says at Reportage Without Frontiers. After the war he will recruit at the national army in order to fight against communists.

 

During the last months of Occupation, many people die. Germans, sure for their defeat, take revenge. Kommeno, Kalavrita, Distomo, Evoia, Xortiatis and Giannitsa.

 

The revenge of the defeated Germans. The roots of a new national separation. The bitter freedom.

 

 

Special Thanks

 

 

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